IPS Vs TN Vs VA
IPS Vs TN Vs VA: There are a lot of things to keep track of when shopping for a monitor. Refresh rates, pixel response times, contrast ratios the list goes on, but what you may not know is that most of these factors are dependent on the type of panel that the display uses.
Knowing what each panel brings to the table can make the search for the best monitor way easier.
That is why we will be going over the limitations and advantages of IPS TN and VA panels and taking a look at how they stack up against each other when it comes to gaming? So, let us start with the basics,
IPS stands for in-plane switching, and this is the type of panel that many monitors and smartphones use.
If a display has right viewing angles and produces vibrant colours, it more than likely uses. It is because IPS allows for some of the best and most accurate IPS colour reproduction the best viewing angles as well as high contrast ratios.
On the flip side, IPS panels are limited with regards to their response times and refresh rates.
Response time and refresh rates of IPS
The response time of an IPS panel can’t go lower than 4 milliseconds, and for refresh rates, they mostly stick to 60 hertz. However, while the response time can’t go lower than 4 milliseconds with this type of panel refresh rates beyond 60 hertz are possible.
It’s just that 144 hertz IPS monitors tend to be on the pricey side compared to the more affordable TN models.
TN panels stand for Twisted Nematic are inclined to say that there is somewhat of a polar opposite to IPS and that they excel at the things that IPS panels don’t and vice versa. That said TN panels offer the highest refresh rates and lowest response time.
If you find a monitor with a 1 millisecond response time chances are that it uses a TN panel.
Furthermore, not only are TN panels the fastest, but they are also the cheapest type of panel to manufacture. As such, those affordable 144-hertz monitors almost definitely come with these. In contrast, a 240-hertz monitor comes with one of these.
The trade-off, of course, is that the visual quality can leave something to be desired. The colours on TN displays tend to appear washed out, and the viewing angles are rather weak.
On top of that, they do not support HDR. So, while they’re high in terms of performance and affordability, individuals who prefer visuals certainly won’t be blown away by them.
Nonetheless, those who are into competitive multiplayer likely won’t want to miss out on the advantage that TN monitors can provide.
Finally, we have vertical alignment panels or VA for short. This panel represents something of a middle ground between IPS and TN, and there’s theoretically the best option for users who equally value both performance and visuals. Note the use of the word “theoretically”.
VA panels offer colour accuracy and viewing angles comparable to those of IPS panels and even better contrast ratios. What’s more, they can reach one millisecond response times as well as a hundred and 44-hertz refresh rates.
So, what’s the catch well two things. VA panel tends to have a lot of problems with ghosting and backlight bleeding, and the former is something you don’t want if you’re playing fast-paced games.
As for the latter, it’s little more than an inconvenience potentially very annoying and immersion braking inconvenience.
So, when it comes to gaming, we’d give this panel a pass in most cases. They aren’t bad far from it actually, but as the saying goes, the jack-of-all-trades is a master of none.
|Are VA panels good for gaming?|
Is IPS or TN better?
What is the best panel type for gaming?
What is the difference between VA and IPS?
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Which one should you choose?
The way we see it before you decide on which type of gaming monitor to get you to need? To decide where you stand on refresh rates and response times.
Depends upon refresh rate
The refresh rate determines how many times a display can refresh itself in a second, and this is measured in hertz.
It essentially puts a hard cap on the maximum fps you can achieve in games. If your GPU can dish out a hundred frames per second, but you have a 60-hertz monitor, then you’ll effectively only be able to play in 60 fps.
Don’t hate the game hate the monitor. The most common refresh rate in gaming monitors today are 60 hertz and 144 hertz. And while 240-hertz monitors exist as well, they are far less common since not only do they need an absolute beast of a graphics card to make them worthwhile.
Outside these sports games, not everyone can spot a tangible difference between 144 hertz and 240 hertz. It should also be noted that there are various motion interpolation techniques used in TVs that supposedly increase the refresh rate.
For example, if you see a Sony tv advertised as having a 400-hertz refresh rate with a motion flow tag next to it don’t be fooled.
It isn’t the tv’s real refresh rate, and if you were to use motion flow or any other such technology while playing a game, you’d see some spectacular input lag.
Depends upon response times
As for response times, these show you how long it takes for a pixel to change colour from black to white or from one colour to another and it’s expressed in milliseconds.
Low response times can make the display feel much more responsive like high refresh rates, but there’s an argument to be made that response times are even more critical.
Low refresh rates never hurt anyone, but high response times have made people sick. It happens when pixels can’t change colour quickly enough to keep up with what’s going on in the game—resulting in noticeable motion blur and potential motion sickness.
In all seriousness, though you’d be hard-pressed to find a gaming monitor with the response time high enough to cause motion sickness.
So, this isn’t that big of an issue it’s mostly an issue for people who want to game on TVs as TVs will often have higher response times than gaming monitors.
Honestly, it isn’t easy to spot the difference between one millisecond and four milliseconds and chances are we’ll only notice the difference if you’ve used a 1-millisecond monitor before.
- IPS has the best visuals
- TN has the best performance
- VA is a mix of the two.
So, when it comes to choosing the right panel for your own needs, ask yourself what refresh rate am I aiming for and how much am I willing to spend?
TN panels are the best choice. Suppose you’re looking for the best performance potentially at low prices.
IPS panels will offer the best visuals. So, you will have to invest a bit more if you want to refresh rate higher than 60 hertz.
And finally, VA panels make for an excellent middle ground allowing you to have both good visuals and excellent performance without having to spend too much on a monitor.
And that’s a quick look into the most popular panels and how good they are for gaming.